Teriyaki is a cooking technique used in Japanese
cuisine in which foods are broiled or grilled in a sweet soy sauce marinade (tare
in Japanese). Teriyaki is served in most modern Japanese cuisines.
Left: Chicken teriyaki.
Fish – yellowtail, marlin, skipjack tuna, salmon,
trout, and mackerel – is mainly used in Japan, while meat – chicken,
pork, lamb and beef – is more often used in the West. Other
ingredients sometimes used in Japan include konjac and squid.
The word teriyaki derives from the noun teri, which
refers to a shine or luster given by the sugar content in the
tare, and yaki, which refers to the cooking method of
grilling or broiling. Traditionally the meat is dipped in or brushed
with sauce several times before and during cooking.
The tare is traditionally made by mixing and heating soy
sauce, sake or mirin, and sugar or honey. The sauce is boiled and
reduced to the desired thickness, then used to marinate meat which
is then grilled or broiled. Sometimes ginger is added, and the final
dish may be garnished with green onions.
Teriyaki can also be served cold, as it often is in
In non-Japanese cultures, any dish made with a teriyaki-like
sauce (often even those using foreign alternatives to sake), or with added
ingredients such as sesame or garlic (uncommon in traditional Japanese cuisine),
is described as teriyaki. Grilling meat first and pouring the sauce on afterward
is another non-traditional method of cooking teriyaki. Teriyaki sauce is
sometimes put on chicken wings or used as a dipping sauce.
Teriyaki burger refers to a variety of
hamburger, created by Japanese chain Mos Burger in 1973.
According to the recipe, the tare is poured into the bread in limited
quantities and coupled with lettuce, endowing it with its strong, yet sweetish,
flavor. Since the late 1980s McDonald's in Hong Kong has offered a Teriyaki
sandwich dubbed the Shogun Burger, where the teriyaki sauce is a coating on the
burger patty. In Japanese McDonald's restaurants it is known as the Teriyaki
Burger. From 2007 Burger King has offered a hamburger called the Whopper
Teriyaki, in Japan only. Subway restaurants in Japan and several other countries
also offer Teriyaki sandwiches.