Succotash (from Narragansett msíckquatash, "boiled corn
kernels") is a food dish consisting primarily of corn and lima beans or other
shell beans. Other ingredients may be added including tomatoes and green
or sweet red peppers.
Left: A succotash,
prepared with kidney beans.
Because of the relatively inexpensive and more readily
available ingredients, the dish was popular during the Great Depression in the
United States. It was sometimes cooked in a casserole form, often with a light
pie crust on top as in a traditional pot pie.
In some parts of the American
South, any mixture of vegetables prepared with lima beans and topped with lard
or butter is called succotash. Succotash is a traditional dish of many
Thanksgiving celebrations in Pennsylvania and other states. In Indiana,
Succotash is made with green beans and corn instead of lima beans.