Rogan josh is an aromatic curry dish hailing from Kashmir and
is quite popular in India, Pakistan, Singapore and United Kingdom. Rogan (روغن)
means oil in Persian, while josh (جوش) means heat, hot, boiling, or passionate.
Rogan josh thus means cooked in oil at intense heat.
Left: Rogan josh.
Rogan josh was brought to India by the Mughals. The unrelenting heat of the
Indian plains took the Mughals frequently to Kashmir, which is where the first
Indian adoption of Rogan josh occurred.
Recipes vary widely across different regions and traditions, even within the
region of Kashmir itself, but all include lamb or chicken, oil or ghee
(clarified butter), and a mixture of spices. These may include paprika for its
red color, aniseed, cloves, cumin, cinnamon, and many others. Many modern
variations have ginger, garlic, and yogurt, and some also use tomatoes. Though
the original versions use saffron instead of yogurt to make the sauce richer.