Kibbeh or kibbe (also kubbeh) is a Levantine Arab dish made of
bulgur (a cereal food made from several different wheat
species, but most often from durum wheat) and chopped meat.
Left: Fried kibbeh with mint.
The best-known variety is a torpedo-shaped fried croquette
stuffed with minced beef or lamb. Other types of kibbeh may be shaped into balls
or patties, and baked or cooked in broth.
Kibbeh is one of the most characteristic foods of Levantine cuisine. It is
widespread in Syria, Lebanon, the Palestinian territories, Jordan, Iraq, Turkey,
Cyprus (where it is called koupes or koubes), Egypt (where it is called
koubeiba), the Arabian Peninsula, Armenia, Israel and several Latin American
nations which received part of the Syrian and Lebanese diaspora during the early
20th Century, such as Brazil.