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Fried bread (also spelled frybread or fry bread, also known as bannock) is a Native American food, found throughout the United States. Frybread is a flat dough fried or deep-fried in oil, shortening, or lard. The dough is generally leavened by yeast or baking powder.

Left: Frybread.

Topped with additions such as beans, ground beef, or shredded cheese, frybread is served as Indian tacos or Navajo tacos. If sweetened, or served with sweet toppings such as honey or powdered sugar, frybread is very similar to an elephant ear or to the confection simply known as fried dough.

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Frybread has a significant role in Native American cultures. It is often served both at home and at gatherings like pow-wows and state fairs.

Left: A frybread taco is a piece of Frybread with beans, meat, lettuce, onions, tomatoes, cheese on top. They are commonly served at Native American events.


Frybread Recipe Ingredients

  • 2 cups flour
  • 2 tsp baking powder
  • 1 tsp salt
  • 2 T shortening
  • 2/3 cup hot water

Servings: 6

Recipe Cooking and Preparation Method

  1. Mix flour, baking powder and salt in a bowl.

  2. Use a pastry blender (or two butter knives) to cut the shortening into the flour.

  3. Add the hot water and mix until the water is incorporated.

  4. Turn out the dough on a lightly floured board.

  5. Knead the dough until it is soft and smooth.

  6. Wrap the dough in plastic and let the dough rest for 30 minutes.

  7. Divide the dough into 6 pieces, roll each into a ball, and roll into flat discs with a rolling pin.

  8. Brush one side of each disc with melted margarine and place on a barbecue over a 3 Mississippi fire.

  9. Brush the opposing side of the bread with margarine and flip the bread on the barbecue.

  10. Cook until both sides are golden brown. Serve hot.

Food Serving Suggestion


Frybread is best served hot, topped with melted margarine, honey or agave nectar, berry jam, or cinnamon and sugar.



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