An enchilada is a corn
tortilla rolled around a filling and covered with a chili pepper
sauce. Enchiladas can be filled with a variety of ingredients, including meat,
cheese, beans, potatoes, vegetables, seafood or combinations.
Left: Enchiladas with
Mole sauce, served with refried
beans and Spanish rice, in Old Town San Diego.
Enchilada is the past participle of Spanish
enchilar, "to add chile pepper to." An enchilada
made with refried beans rather than chili sauce is called an
"enfrijolada" (from frijol, "bean").
An enchilada made with
mole instead of chile sauce is called an "enmolada".
An enchilada topped with fried eggs may be called "enchilada
montada" (the eggs are mounted, montada, on
Fillings include meat, such as chicken, beef or pork,
seafood, cheese, potatoes, vegetables, and any combination of these.
Commonly added toppings and garnishes include cheese, sour
cream, lettuce, olives, chopped onions, chili peppers, and fresh cilantro.