Chinese noodles are an essential ingredient and staple
in Chinese cuisine. There is a great variety of noodles, which vary according to
their region of production, ingredients, shape or width, and manner of
Left: Noodle making in
Chinese noodles are generally made from either wheat flour,
rice flour, or mung bean starch, with wheat noodles being more commonly
produced and consumed in northern China and rice noodles being more
typical of southern China. Egg, lye, cereal may also be added to noodles made
from wheat flour in order to give the noodles a different colour or flavor.
Arrowroot or tapioca starch are sometimes added to the flour mixture in low
quantities to change the texture and tenderness of the noodles' strands.
The dough for noodles made from wheat flour is typically made from wheat flour,
salt, and water, with the addition of eggs or lye depending on the desired
texture and taste of the noodles. Rice- or other starch-based noodles are
typically made with only the starch or rice flour and water. After the formation
of a pliable dough mass, one of five types of mechanical processing may be
applied to produce the noodles:
Cut - The dough is rolled out into a flat sheet, folded, and then cut
into noodles of a desired width.
Extruded - The dough is placed into a mechanical press with holes through
which the dough is forced to form strands of noodles.
Peeled - A firm dough is mixed and formed into a long loaf. Strips of
dough are then quickly sliced or peeled off the loaf directly into boiling
Pulled - The dough is rolled into a long
cylinder, which is then repeatedly stretched and folded to produce thinner and
Kneaded - A small ball of dough is lightly rolled on a flat surface until
it is several centimetres long and spindle shaped.
While cut and extruded noodles can be dried to create a
shelf-stable product to be eaten months after production, most peeled, pulled
and kneaded noodles are consumed shortly after they are produced.
Left: Pulling wheat
dough into thin strands.
Noodles may be cooked from either their fresh (moist) or dry
forms. They are generally boiled, although they may also be deep-fried in oil
until crispy. Boiled noodles may then be stir fried, served with sauce or other
accompaniments, or served in soup, often with meat and other ingredients.
Certain rice-noodles are made directly from steaming the raw rice slurry and are
only consumed fresh.
Unlike many Western noodles and pastas, Chinese noodles made from wheat flour
are usually made from salted dough and therefore do not require the addition of
salt to the liquid in which they are boiled. Chinese noodles also cook very
quickly, generally requiring less than 5 minutes to become al dente and
some taking less than a minute to finish cooking, with thinner noodles requiring
less time to cook. Chinese noodles made from rice or mung bean starch do not
generally contain salt.