Chicken tikka masala is a curry dish of roast chicken chunks
(chicken tikka) in a rich red, creamy, lightly spiced, tomato-based sauce. The
origins of the dish are disputed. One potential origin attributes its invention
to a chef in Glasgow, United Kingdom. Another potential origin is as a variation on a
traditional Mughlai dish.
Left: Chicken tikka
masala with naan.
Chicken tikka masala is
chicken tikka, chunks of chicken
marinated in spices and yogurt then baked in a tandoor oven, in a masala
("mixture of spices") sauce. The sauce usually includes tomatoes, frequently as puree, and
either/or both cream or coconut cream and various spices. The sauce or chicken
pieces (or both) are sometimes coloured orange or red with food dyes or with
spices such as turmeric powder and tomato puree. If you do not want to use a red
food dye, you can use paprika instead to get the similar effect. Other tikka
masala dishes replace chicken with lamb, fish or paneer.
Chicken tikka masala is served in restaurants around the
globe. Surveys have found chicken tikka masala to be the most
popular dish in British restaurants and it has been called "Britain's true
national dish." Due to the
demands of British tourists in India, Britain now exports chicken tikka masala
to India and Bangladesh.