A calzone (Italian
"stocking" or "trouser" or "drooping sack" or "hanging fold") is a savory
turnover that originates from Italy. It is made as a type of pizza folded over
and shaped like a crescent before cooked.
The typical calzone is stuffed with
mozzarella, and may include other ingredients usually associated with
In the United States, calzone are typically made from pizza
dough and stuffed with cheese (usually mozzarella cheese and
Ricotta, but some
varieties contain Parmesan, Provolone, or a locally substituted cheese), ham or
salami, vegetables, or a variety of other stuffings. It often contains an egg,
the yolk of which should be runny. It is typically served with marinara sauce on
the side for dipping, or topped with garlic and parsley infused olive oil. The
dough is folded over, sealed on one edge, salted, then baked.
Calzones are similar to
stromboli, but traditionally the two
are distinct dishes. Although most strombolis are rolled,
strombolis have also been known to be prepared like a calzone, where the only
difference is that a stromboli has the sauce inside of the folded crust, where
the calzone is served with dipping sauce on the side.
The ingredients for both of these types of pizza are
at the discretion of the chef.